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Research Areas

The Major Field proposed by PPGTO - UFSCar is Assistance Processes in Occupational Therapy and it is intended that its investigations comprise an epistemological perspective of the field, as well as the aspects inherent to the practices developed by Occupational Therapy. It will comprise researches on therapeutic occupational assistance, from assessment to assistance, focusing on the social inclusion/exclusion processes to which the target populations of Occupational Therapy assistance in Brazil are submitted, from promotion/prevention to rehabilitation.

The research areas, in turn, contextualize the production of knowledge regarding assistance in specific contexts. Area 1 will focus on the promotion of health and development, while Area 2 will focus on the insertion and social participation of socioeconomically deprived groups. Both areas consider individual and collective levels.

These areas comprise studies regarding the following issues:

• Typical and atypical development of human beings;

• Analysis and adaptation of the activities of daily life (ADL) for populations with special needs due to temporary or permanent disabilities;

• Development of new technologies of therapeutic occupational assistance that lower dependence and favor autonomy in the several contexts of daily life (at home, at school, at work and in social lives);

• Inclusion of populations under rupture processes of social support networks;

• Study of public policies directed to the target population of Occupational Therapy;

• Research on the production and application of new assistance knowledge and technologies in Occupational Therapy for addressing social problems.

These themes compose objects of investigation in Occupational Therapy that are socially relevant and meet many of the needs of the Brazilian society.

 

Research Area 1 – Promotion of Human Development in the Contexts of Daily Life

The objective of this research area is the study of Occupational Therapy assistance in the contexts of people’s daily lives throughout their life cycles, from the viewpoint of human development, looking at the functionality and disability processes, as well as on risk situations.

To this end, the epistemological fundamentals of this research line rely on the study of neurobiological, cognitive and psychosocial bases of development and health assistance processes in order to endorse investigations that seek to understand how human activity and the environment interfere in the promotion of sound development, functional development, and the independence and autonomy of human beings, within a perspective directed to skills attainment and social insertion opportunities.

This research line uses qualitative and quantitative investigation methods. Its studies aim towards the creation of social technologies, therapeutic resources, and assistance that favor and motivate the development, functional performance, and engagement in meaningful occupations in various daily contexts and temporary or permanent limiting situations, in order to improve quality of life.

The following faculty members are responsible for the projects of this research area: Cláudia Maria Simões Martinez, Daniel Marinho Cezar da Cruz, Maria Fernanda Barboza Cid, Maria Luísa Guillaumon Emmel, Patrícia Carla de Souza Della Barba, Regina H. V. Torkomian Joaquim e Thelma Simões Matsukura. Professor Lívia Magalhães will also collaborate with this research area.

 

Research Area 2 – Social Networks and Vulnerability

The purpose of this research area is the study of Occupational Therapy assistance with populations in social vulnerability situations and the development of social insertion, participation and autonomy technologies. It is engaged with social themes such as poverty, social policies, urban space occupation, cultural identity, access to social services (health, education, culture, social assistance, etc.), and other related areas.

Thus, research is developed focusing on children and adolescents in social vulnerability situations, contemporary youth, the homeless population, social insertion and participation of physically and mentally impaired people, and generation of income and value concerning the labor market.

Its epistemological contribution comes from the Public Health, Education, Social Sciences – especially Anthropology and Sociology, and Social Occupational Therapy; aiming towards ground studies concerning the practices and processes of cultural transformation and social inclusion/exclusion, territorial and community assistance, formal and informal education, gathering references for the construction of assistance methodologies required in these contexts.

The following faculty members are responsible for the projects of this research area: Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Carla Regina Silva, Denise Dias Barros, Fátima Correa Oliver, Isabela Aparecida de Oliveira Lussi, Lilian Magalhães and Roseli Esquerdo Lopes.

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